- efforts at mitigation of the increasing emission of greenhouse gases around the world (i.e., reducing the rate of such emissions);
- efforts at adaptation to the adverse effects, past and future, of global warming;
- reduction of emissions coming from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries;
- assuring transparency of knowledge and information concerning efforts at mitigation and adaptation by establishing standards for measuring and reporting data, and verification of results; and
- establishing an international fund to support mitigation and adaptation efforts in developing and least developed countries.
Reduction goal, %
Contingent on agreement by world’s nations to limit CO2 to 450 ppm; otherwise lower goals undertaken unilaterally
Reaffirmed commitment to limit global warming to 2ºC. Confirmed effort to reduce emissions by 80-95% by 2050.
Premised on international agreement for reduction by all major economies.
Conditioned on all major emitters honoring their emissions obligations, and allowance for effects of domestic forests.
Assumes passage of climate legislation. Assumes other developed, and advanced developing countries, submit mitigation actions.
Year for goal
Statement of goal
Expected emissions reduction of between 36.1 and 38.9 % below the level predicted with no actions taken. Detailed listing of contributing actions provided.
Voluntary measures to reduce CO2 emissions per unit of gross domestic product (
Voluntary efforts to reduce emissions intensity of its
Voluntary efforts to reduce emissions by 26% by, among others, lowering the deforestation rate, energy efficiency, developing low-emitting transport means and renewable energy sources.
© 2011 Henry Auer